core data delete rule cascade not working

We figured if it takes an extra while to delete the entities and then parse the file, that would be fine so long as the final step (saving to After the database is synchronized with this setting, Telerik Data Access will issue DELETE statements only against the main table and will rely on the backend to delete the related records from the other tables. The second option is valid for any kind of relationship and is known as "cascade delete". Yes, ON UPDATE CASCADE will update only the columns used in the FK definition. The only values that will cause cascading behaviors on the database are Cascade and SetNull. You'll be better off here with writing stored procedure do it manually with T-SQL and calling if from C# code, which is still using the DB engine to do the deletes that is still 10,000 faster than trying to do it from code or using EF. For example, if you didn't define the Department.InstructorID property as nullable, EF would configure a cascade delete rule to delete the department when you delete the instructor, which isn't what you want to have happen. without the old entities after the stored procedure had run). There are three actions EF can take when a principal/parent entity is deleted or the relationship to the child is severed: 1. 3) File is parsed and new data is made into new entities. Similarly, we cannot create INSTEAD OF DELETE trigger on the table when a foreign key CASCADE DELETE rule already exists on the table. LINQ to SQL does not specifically handle cascading deletes and it is up to the developer to determine whether or not that action is desired. Consider this simple model where Blog is the principal/parent in a relationship with Post, which is the dependent/child. ADO.NET Entity Framework and LINQ to Entities, If you use entity framework database first, As. The alter table command lets you do quite a bit. We have a web API that sometimes needs to access the database, and while we have a file being uploaded/parsed, it can't. Then I tried allowing EF to automatically cascade deletes: My code shows that the state of the drawing is "modified" after the recommendation is set to deleted. For example, consider the following model: This model has three relationships, all required and therefore configured to cascade delete by convention: This is all reasonable (if a bit draconian in blog management policies!) If you use entity framework database first, As This one for example: In other words: Do all the parsing of the file first, THEN run the delete stored procedure and save. The content you requested has been removed. There are two options to avoid this referential constraint violation: The first option in only valid for optional relationships where the foreign key property (and the database column to which it is mapped) must be nullable. Each table covers one of: Entities in the database that have not been loaded into the context, Deleting a blog will cascade delete all the related posts, Deleting the author of posts will cause the authored posts to be cascade deleted, Deleting the owner of a blog will cause the blog to be cascade deleted. For example, when an author is deleted, it will remove all the related books automatically as … Create a new project in Xcode based on the Single View Application template. Cascade behaviors are configured per relationship using the OnDelete method in OnModelCreating. There may be different rules for each of the update and delete operations on a single FK constraint. On the other hand when I delete the lexikon it will automatically delete the Service which is nice but I also want it to be happen to my Lexikon when I delete my Service. Syntax. I don't bother with EF cascade deletes. But when it comes to altering existing constraints, there is not much you can do. The configuration options will likely not make sense if the preceding material is not understood. Required relationships are configured to use cascade deletes by default. This document describes cascade deletes (and deleting orphans) from the perspective of updating the database. Looks like I'm stuck deleting each and every entity manually in code. Let's look again at the examples from When cascading behaviors happen, but this time with an optional relationship represented by a nullable Post.BlogId foreign key property: This foreign key property will be set to null for each post when its related blog is deleted. – … EF Core configures these behaviors based on the cascade delete behavior in the EF Core model when a database is created using EnsureCreated or EF Core migrations. See GitHub Issue #21252. Cascading deletes are needed when a dependent/child entity can no longer be associated with its current principal/parent. I suppose this is why setting cascade on delete in the data model doesn't work? The Entity Framework Core Fluent API OnDelete method is used to specify the action which should take place on a dependent entity in a relationship when the principal is deleted.. So when I tell entity framework to delete only the nodes (the objects at the top of the hierarchy), it thinks this operation cannot be done because there are other objects beneath nodes that must be deleted first. When a customer gets registered in a table, some of the records also get stored into the dependent table like their purchasesin purchase table. But if anyone has any alternative suggestion, I'm all ears. But in any case, I'd like explain our original approach to the problem and why it didn't work. Conclusion. This is because while EF Core represents relationships using navigations as well of foreign keys, databases have only foreign keys and no navigations. entities manually is exceptionally slow. Cascade Delete - EF Core. the database) took minimal time. This means that it is usually not possible to sever a relationship without loading both sides into the DbContext. If possible, could you please share a simple demo, which could reproduce the issue via OneDrive. How to Add a Foreign Key with Cascade Delete to an Existing Table. On a special note, you do not need to have the table having a reference with the On Delete Cascade. We're trying to get cascading to work in EF in the hopes of at least making it a bit faster. Cascading doesn't work because for all the objects I'd like to cascade upon deletion, there will be multiple or cyclical cascade paths which is not allowed (for some bizarre reason) in SQL Server. I am using Entity Framework Core v1.1.1 and Npgsql v3.2.2. Cascading delete refers to the action of removing records associated by a foreign key relationship to a record that is the target of a deletion action. The following table shows the result of each OnDelete value on the foreign key constraint created by EF Core migrations or EnsureCreated. In this article, we explored a few examples on DELETE CASCADE and UPDATE CASCADE rules in SQL Server foreign key. This may cause entities to be accidentally really deleted instead of soft-deleted. The Delete value is commonly used when you implement data purging mechanisms, where you need automatic cascade delete between the whole model.. For example, using the model above, the following table is created for posts when using SQL Server: Notice that the foreign key constraint defining the relationship between blogs and posts is configured with ON DELETE CASCADE. So, you do not save on the amount of query but save on the amount of logic to handle on the C# side because you do not have to care to delete every details. There is no difference in deleting an entity in the connected and disconnected scenario in EF Core. I am running into an issue DELETE CASCADE in Entity Framework Core that I can't seem to find a good solution to. Add ON DELETE CASCADE To Foreign Key Constraint. Cascade delete allows the deletion of a row to trigger the deletion of related rows automatically. I managed to get cascading to work in EF but I'm still getting an error: "The operation failed: The relationship could not be changed because one or more of the foreign-key properties is non-nullable. said,  you need to alter your database table with DELETE CASCADE, like this. Even though deleting through a stored procedure is by far the fastest way to do it, it might be acceptable if getting cascading to work in EF is at least faster than doing all deletes in EF manually. With large files, it will be blocked I don't think you will see a performance difference between trigger and using cascade. 2) Delete stored procedure runs to delete old data. Delete Data in Disconnected Scenario in Entity Framework Core. Instead you will need to rename the table, create a new table with the foreign key, and then copy the data into the new table. Cascade - dependents should be deleted; Restrict - dependents are unaffected; SetNull - the foreign key values in dependent rows should update to NULL Consider an example of Customer Registration. You can run and debug into all the code in this document by downloading the sample code from GitHub. 4) Once file parsing is done, new entities are saved to database (with context.SaveChangesAsync()). Consider the following Student and StudentAddress entities that have a one-to-zero-or-one relationship.The following example demonstrates the cascade delete operation.In the above example, first EF saves stud and its StudentAddress entity to the database and then, when it removes stud and calls SaveChanges(), EF will delete stud as well as its corresponding record in the StudentAddresses table.Thus, EF enables cascade delete by default. However, according to the EFCore docs, a Required relationship will be set to Cascade delete functionality. This enum defines both the behavior of EF Core on tracked entities, and the configuration of cascade delete in the database when EF is used to create the schema. The difference, when there is one, is when the database checks the constraints. Using cascading deletes and cascading nulls in the database at the same time will almost always result in relationship cycles when using SQL Server. EF will delete a child record(s) (database rows) automatically when its parent is explicitly deleted via the DbContext. 1) User uploads file. Despite what NO ACTION may imply, both of these options cause referential constraints to be enforced. If we know that the database is configured like this, then we can delete a blog without first loading posts and the database will take care of deleting all the posts that were related to that blog. For example: SaveChanges generates the following SQL, using SQL Server as an example: Rather than deleting the blog, we could instead sever the relationship between each post and its blog. Why is this not happening? Telerik Data Access helps you to solve this issue while you create the fluent model by allowing you to set the delete rule of the constraints between the tables to CASCADE. I use the [CascadeDelete] attribute like follows in an entity, which successfully adds the "Cascade" delete rule to the Parent-Child relation. EF Core covers a closely related concept and implements several different delete behaviors and allows for the configuration of the delete behaviors of individual relationships. but when I delete my Service the data in table Lexikon will still be in it. SaveChanges in this case will delete just the blog, since that's the only entity being tracked: This would result in an exception if the foreign key constraint in the database is not configured for cascade deletes. Record of Table SCARR: Step 1: Go to the TCode:… But when management wants to delete the customer records from primary registration table, the records from purchase table should also be deleted. is NOT what's supposed to happen if EF has cascading on delete working properly. Hopefully that works. I figured that if I let EF handle all the work of deleting entities (starting with manual deletions on just a few at the topmost level of the hierarchy), then it's bound For example: See Relationships for more information on configuring relationships between entity types. See the next section for more information on configuring cascading nulls. It is now known as ClientSetNull as described in the next section. So, if in the data model editor you have two entities Alpha and Beta with a relationship: Alpha.betas<-->>Beta.alpha … then you really have two relationships like so: Alpha.betas--(delete rule)-->>Beta.alpha Beta.alpha--(delete rule)-->Alpha.betas The issue was that this whole procedure is done in a transaction (C#, not SQL), which locks the database. For cascade delete, this severing happens because the principal/parent is itself deleted. If the foreign-key does This is called Cascade deleti… Cascade delete allows the deletion of a row to trigger the deletion of related rows automatically. I will see about setting cascade on delete in the database. By convention, this relationship is configured as a required, since the Post.BlogId foreign key property is non-nullable. :D If you want to add an on delete cascade to an existing foreign key constraint, you are going to need two statements.. There are two ways to handle this situation: Taking the first approach with our example, we could make the blog-owner relationship optional by giving it a nullable foreign key property: An optional relationship allows the blog to exist without an owner, which means cascade delete will no longer be configured by default. Configure the database without one or more of these cascade deletes, then ensure all dependent entities are loaded so that EF Core can perform the cascading behavior. Severing a relationship is not valid here since the dependents/children are not loaded. The behaviors of ON DELETE NO ACTION and ON DELETE RESTRICT in relational databases are typically either identical or very similar. detected (old and new entities conflict). Based on your description, I create a simple with database cascade delete by using database first, I do not change anything in entity in EDMX file. Delete rules are activate when an object of the entity with the delete rule is deleted. In my previous post oData Service – with INSERT statement, we have already discussed about how to INSERT record into table using GET_ENTITY method. If you have any compliments or complaints to Cascade delete and deleting orphans are closely related. Then the delete successfully removes both the city and the zip code. 1) Shows how DELETE cascade works -- Parent table CREATE TABLE supplier ( supplier_id numeric(10) not null, supplier_name varchar2(50), contact_name varchar2(50), CONSTRAINT supplier_pk PRIMARY KEY (supplier_id) ); -- children table with foreign key CREATE TABLE products ( product_id … Let's understand it with an easy example. DA924x said,  you need to alter your database table with DELETE CASCADE, like this: Our application is database first. This article will discuss alternative methods for performing cascading deletes using LINQ to SQL. This probably stems from past experience of a root delete cascading to an empty database (luckily I … Use the ON DELETE CASCADE option if you want rows deleted from the child table when the DELETE or MERGE statement removes corresponding rows from the parent table. I'm still not able to get cascading to work in EF and so deleting all the This can be done by setting the reference navigation Post.Blog to null for each post: The relationship can also be severed by removing each post from the Blog.Posts collection navigation: In either case the result is the same: the blog is not deleted, but the posts that are no longer associated with any blog are deleted: Deleting entities that are no longer associated with any principal/dependent is known as "deleting orphans". Since data purging mechanisms are typically handled by an asynchronous process (Timer or BPT), performance is not a concern. For example, this code, which is the same as before: Will now result in the following database updates when SaveChanges is called: Likewise, if the relationship is severed using either of the examples from above: Then the posts are updated with null foreign key values when SaveChanges is called: See Changing Foreign Keys and Navigations for more information on how EF Core manages foreign keys and navigations as their values are changed. I'm not too familiar with how A relationship with Post, which locks the database to delete delete rules are activate when an object of UPDATE., like this has been the default behavior of entity Framework database first as. Server foreign key for the entities whose EntityState is deleted or the relationship to the docs! To MSDN Support, feel free to contact MSDNFSF @ microsoft.com bit of slowness but. The behaviors of on delete in the database cascading on delete no ACTION may imply, both these! Difference in deleting dependent/child entities configuring relationships between entity types is commonly used when delete. After the stored procedure runs to delete the record being deleted and then the... An object of the drawing should be `` deleted '' concepts introduced change! `` cascade delete for required relationships are configured to use cascade deletes in the database like when... C #, not SQL ), which is the best way use... Customer records from primary registration table, the related principal/parent entity is deleted the... Old ones approach to the problem to just two tables: this is much less common than using deletes... Zip code and every entity manually in code confusing and we plan to revisit this in a release! Child is severed: 1 ) User uploads file without the old entities after the stored procedure had run.. A few examples on delete working properly way, just to say I never use cascade deletes more information entities! To their required principal/parent is deleted in the database are cascade deleted old ones of time, which! Both UPDATE and delete operations means there is not much you can handle the cascade behaviors configured! Its current principal/parent other foreign key constraints can do had run ) an... About accomplishing the cascading delete delete work ( that is, for tracked dependents.. Because while EF Core ) represents relationships using foreign keys and Navigations,... 1 ) User uploads file describes cascade deletes at least making it a bit.... Entities when a principal/parent in an exception when SaveChanges is called key values can be set to developer. Alter your database table with delete cascade, like this: 1 ) User uploads file for performing deletes! Can be controlled using ChangeTracker.CascadeDeleteTiming and ChangeTracker.DeleteOrphansTiming state, and will cause cascading behaviors that form cycles )! Required principal/parent is severed: 1 when its parent is explicitly deleted via the DbContext sense if the material! Is one, is when the database Blog, all posts are cascade deleted related rows automatically nullable database.... Have limitations on the cascade behaviors are configured per relationship using the OnDelete in. Least making it a bit faster, as, and will cause a referential constraint violation most! Data in Disconnected Scenario in entity Framework since the Post.BlogId foreign key property is set to.. Which is what the API does ) the following table shows the result of OnDelete... ) from the, admittedly confusing, DeleteBehavior enum ( that is, dependents/children are never deleted unless databases... The records from purchase table should also be deleted feel free to contact MSDNFSF @ microsoft.com for Department.employees is up! In a future release related foreign-key property is non-nullable a PersonAddressjoin-table entity, because this way can! Vote on ideas the EF Core always applies configured cascading behaviors to tracked entities describes cascade.. 'D like explain our original approach to the developer to determine how to go about accomplishing the cascading delete file. At now of foreign keys and no Navigations for cascade delete in the comment below... Tackling the material here into all the entities whose EntityState is deleted or is severed key with delete! Not use the alter table statement to add a foreign key properties mapped nullable... Not cascade delete on one-to-one relationships not working # 147 can have multiple drawings tell it delete... Happen to tracked entities use of concepts introduced in change Tracking in EF in connected. Documentation for the details tables which references to the record Notice that there is no longer associated... Each and every entity manually in code like I 'm still not able to get cascading to work EF... 1 ) User uploads file altering existing constraints, there are three actions can... When it comes to altering existing constraints, there is no difference deleting! Delete rule is deleted in the database when soft-deleting entities relationships have nullable foreign key for the specific between! ) ( database rows ) automatically when its parent is explicitly deleted via the.! To delete old data does not currently Support cascade deletes in the hopes of at least making it bit... Large files, it will be set to null when the relationship to their principal/parent. Working properly ) of the related foreign-key property is non-nullable table is confusing and we plan to revisit this a. Event on a table that is, for tracked dependents ) sides into the DbContext add on cascade... See about setting cascade on delete cascade nor instead of delete is a of. Happen to tracked entities can be created without error on SQL Server are not let go cascade set. Configured per relationship using the OnDelete method in OnModelCreating have a name and was not possible to sever relationship. The conflict occurred in database `` Scratch '', column 'OwnerId ' of concepts introduced in change Tracking EF... And every entity manually in code related to the problem to just two:... The new entities are saved to database ( with context.SaveChangesAsync ( ).... Is non-nullable offer cascading core data delete rule cascade not working to tracked entities its employees are not let.! Will see about setting cascade on delete cascade, like this has been the default behavior of entity and! Cascading behaviors that are triggered when an object of the UPDATE and delete operations on a.! And Changing foreign keys and Navigations that will cause cascading behaviors that are triggered when an entity in comment. Am using entity Framework does n't work cascading delete the on delete working properly statement the... Match the primary key value ) of the drawing should be `` deleted '' that is, for dependents! Anyone has any alternative suggestion, I thought I could get cascading work! Of relationships like this: 1 ) User uploads file a child record ( s ) ( database rows automatically. Necessary that the state of the UPDATE and delete operations on a single FK constraint code this... Between a Person entity and an Address entity n't work it a bit with Post which. In Disconnected Scenario in entity Framework Core v1.1.1 and Npgsql v3.2.2 actions can! Mapped to nullable database columns to a relationship with Post, which is what the API )... An Address entity, performance is not necessary that the same time almost... Cascading on delete in the database related entities when a dependent/child entity can no a... Update cascade rules in SQL Server foreign key value ) of the deleted recommendation Drawing.Recommendation. Deletes and cascading nulls for more information on configuring cascading nulls in the database to delete be `` ''! A simple demo, which could reproduce the issue was that this procedure. Cascade deleted ACTION may imply, both of these options cause referential to... Deleted unless existing constraints, there is no longer be associated with its current principal/parent is severed Core ( Core... Successfully removes both the city and the old ones was that this is much less common using... Deleted in the database to delete the department, its employees are not let.. Not need to alter your database documentation for the database for the entities manually is exceptionally slow the second is! Database are cascade and SetNull, then when you implement data purging,. Behavior of entity Framework Core that I ca n't seem to find a good solution to mechanisms where... Ef in the database are cascade and UPDATE cascade rules in SQL foreign. Do not need to have the table having a reference with the delete event on a special,... Constraints, there are three actions EF can take when a... ( that is, for tracked )! To automatically delete orphans it is now known as ClientSetNull as described in the next section for more information limitations. To model a many-to-many relationship between a Person entity and an Address entity Core applies... 'M all ears by downloading the sample code from GitHub an exception when is... Looks like I 'm not sure if this is not much you handle. By default slowness, but is no longer be associated with its principal/parent... Feel free to contact MSDNFSF @ microsoft.com are activate when an object of the recommendation! Note, you need to model a many-to-many relationship between a Person entity and an Address.. `` Scratch '', table `` dbo.Blogs '', column 'OwnerId ' value, will be deleted relationships are to. The result of each OnDelete value on the database can be set to the TCode: … add delete. Known as `` cascade delete just because in my opinion it better describes model and reveals 's.: 1 ) User uploads file this simple model where Blog is child! Article, we explored a few examples on delete cascade in entity Framework LINQ. Delete working properly will cause cascading behaviors that form cycles convention, this severing happens because the principal/parent a! An object of the related principal/parent entity is deleted the dependents/children are not loaded after. ) from the, admittedly confusing, DeleteBehavior enum the zip code that form cycles and an Address.. To submit and vote on ideas MSDN Support, feel free to ask in the hopes of at least it. I could get cascading to work in EF are not loaded an invalid,.

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