cajanus cajan uses

A relatively low-yielding crop, yields of up to 5 tonnes per hectare of pods, or 1 tonne of seeds can be achieved[ 300 , 404 ]. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. It is both a food crop and a cover/forage crop with high levels of proteins and important amino acids like methionine, lysine and tryptophan. Trending How to Make Your Medical Practice More Efficient and Successful Rev. for lesser developed countries. Select one of the options below to target your search: Literature citations; Taxonomy; Keywords; Subcellular locations; Cross-referenced databases; Human diseases; Advanced Search. In perennial crops, 2 - 10 tonnes per hectare a year of woody stalks can be harvested for fuel[ 404 ]. Botanical Name: Cajanus cajan syn. Rao SC, Phillips WA, Mayeux HS and Phatak SC, 2003. General information about Cajanus cajan (CAJCA) Himalayas, India. fio-fio. tuver' in Gujarati. Cajanus indicus Spreng., nom. Arahar in Hindi Arhar in Hindi Congo Pea in language. Pronunciation of Cajanus cajan with 1 audio pronunciation, 9 synonyms, 1 meaning, 2 translations and more for Cajanus cajan. PMID 24431589. Very young seeds can be cooked and eaten like peas, going well in rice dishes[ 46 , 301 ]. Pigeonpea is found in both annual and perennial forms. It is , however, sometimes found in grassy habitats in savannahs, shrubland and waste land[ 404 ]. Int. The pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), also known as pigeonpea, red gram, tur, pwa kongo in Haiti, or as gungo peas in Jamaica, is a perennial legume from the family Fabaceae.Since its domestication in the Indian subcontinent at least 3,500 years ago, its seeds have become a common food in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. More >>>. Not known in a truly wild situation. Ambatribe in language. toor Dal in Marathi. Muangman T, Leelamanit W and Klungsupaya P, 2011. Introduction. The leaf juice is taken internally in the treatment of haemorrhages, coughs and diarrhoea[ 272 , 348 ]. The seed may be used instead of soya bean to make tempeh or tofu, and can also be sprouted and eaten when about 25mm long[ 299 , 301 ]. The plant has an extensive root system and is often grown to bind soil[ 200 , 320 ]. "mbaazi" in Tanzania. (Sanskrit: Adhaki, Hindi: Arhar, English: Pigeon pea, Bengali: Tur) (family: Fabaceae) is the most important grain legume crop of rain-fed agriculture in semi-arid tropics. We are currently updating this section. An essential oil can be collected by the steam distillation of the leaves and other aerial organs. A decoction of the plant is diuretic and laxative[ 200 ]. Seed - sow in situ during the wet season, placing the seed 2 - 3 cm deep in the soil[ 300 ]. Succeeds in a wide range of soils that are well-drained[ 300 ]. A woody shrub that reaches only up to 4 m high upon maturity, Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan is grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. India is the largest importer and producer, where seed is sold as dhal (dry split pea). Cajanus indicus . tropical green pea. It can fix Nitrogen. L. Uses. Plants generally prefer a rainfall in the region of 500 - 1,000mm per year, though there are some cultivars that are adapted to wet, humid tropics so long as the soil is well drained[ 300 ]. commonly known as pigeonpea, red gram or gungo pea is an important grain legume crop, particularly in rain-fed agricultural regions in the semi-arid tropics, including Asia, Africa and the Caribbean. gungo pea / gunga pea / Congo pea in Africa. It is also often used as a green manure and for soil stabilization. Duke, J.A. The crop is cultivated on marginal land by resource-poor farmers, who commonly grow traditional medium- and long-duration (5-11 months) landraces. It is short-lived and believed to be one of the earliest of cultivated plants. The root bark contains numerous flavones including cajaflavanone and cajanone, and triterpenes[ 348 ]. The root contains cajanone, an antimicrobial agent[ 348 ]. Common Names: no-eye pea. Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology. 1981b. Ambrevate in language. In addition to being used as a nutritional supplement, Cajanus cajan L. has also been used as a … 2. Cajanus cajan is an efficient nitrogen-fixing species when growing conditions are favourable. The Indian subcontinent, eastern Africa and Central America are the World's three main pigeon pea-producing regions. Pigeon pea is as well known for its medicinal uses. 1981a. gandule bean. It is short-lived with deep taproots and can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. Leaves alternate, trifoliolate; leaflets elliptic to lanceolate, lateral ones obliquely elliptic, 5-13 x 1.5-6 cm, upper surface glabrate, lower surface usually densely silvery pilose; stipules linear 2-3 mm long, stipels filiform 1-2 mm long. L. Uses crop: Cajanus cajan is grown as a pulse crop (crop harvested for dry seed) or eaten green as a vegetable. cosmetics Review Cosmetic Potential of Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp: Botanical Data, Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry and Biological Activities Duangjai Tungmunnithum 1,2,3,* and Christophe Hano 2,3,* 1 Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, 447 Sri-Ayuthaya Road, Rajathevi, Bangkok 10400, Thailand Swizzle well and drink. The following databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information on Cajanus cajan . You can unsubscribe at anytime. NewYork. var s = '' Systems used to automatically annotate proteins with high accuracy: UniRule (Expertly curated rules) ARBA (System generated rules) Supporting data. A woody shrub that reaches up to 3m high, grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. If you have been in a draught, "don’t feel yourself right,’’ use white pigeon peas, Cajanus cajan,with chadon benni (Eryngium foetidum), boil, put in salt anddrink. Flavus DC. Pigeon pea Cajanus cajan, a tropical plant commonly used as a vegetable ingredient. (2011). In silico, 40 pigeon pea proteins evaluated had 46% of amino acids associated with DPP-4 inhibition. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[ 200 ]. Ambraty in language. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. The root system is reported to break plough pans, thus improving soil structure, encouraging infiltration, minimizing sedimentation and smothering weeds. The leaves are alternate and trifoliate. thuvaram paruppu in Tamil. Ripe seeds are eaten roasted too. is grown as a pulse crop (crop harvested for dry seed) or eaten green as a vegetable. Var. Cajanus cajan basic info. toor dal or arhar dal. Cajanus acutifolius; Cajanus albicans Phosphorus is the most limiting factor for pigeonpea and applications of 17–26 kg/ha P can increase seed yield by 300‒600 kg/ha. Leaves and young shoots - cooked and used as a vegetable[ 298 , 300 ]. A decoction is used for washing ulcers[ 348 ]. The seeds germinate at temperatures of 19 - 43°c, but most rapidly at 20 - 30°c. It seems to have special mechanisms to extract phosphorus from black Vertisol soils[ 303 ]. India is the largest importer and producer, where seed is sold as dhal (dry split pea). Recent pharmacological studies had disclosed that Cajanus cajan could as promising antimalaria [9], anti-diabetic [10], hypocholesterolemic [11], hepatic disorders [12], antioxidant [13], anti-bacteria [14-15], anti-inflammation [16-17], and protective effect on cognitive deficit agents [18], whereas only few re- ports on chemical constituents of the leaves of Cajanus cajan are reported [6-8]. The hedges can be cut 2 - 3 times a year in areas where the dry season lasts 4 - 6 months. The rate of reaction was increased up to 20% with an enzyme solution with 10% substrate concentration (Khan et al., 1991). The lipase activity of Cajanus cajan (L. Matri) was found to be at its maximum for up to 1 hour and then declined. 21: 98–112. Crude hexane and methanol extracts of Cajanus cajan showed in vitro anti-sickling activity. The green pods normally contain 3 seeds[ 300 ]. Close up of Handful of Pigeon pea or Cajanus cajan kept spreading in the sun for drying after harvested at. Res., 28(2), Article No. Grows best in a sunny position[ 320 ]. We will not sell or share your email address. This medicinal species is also called di erent things depending on its location of growth [1,2]. The heat value, with 1,450 kJ per 100g, is about half as high as the same weight of coal[ 303 ]. Handbook of Energy Crops. Dislikes very acid soils, growing best in a pH range of 5.5 - 6.5[ 300 ]. A temperature range of 20 - 30°c is preferred, but under optimal cultural conditions good yields can be obtained with temperatures up to 35°c[ 300 ]. Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i … A short-lived, woody plant, dying after 1 - 5 years[ 404 ]. Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) is the sixth most important edible legume crop globally, with 5.9 million cultivated hectares. 83. PMC 3886394. Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, and wounds. Complete list of references for Duke, Handbook of Energy Crops. Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. Due to its pharmacological properties, C. cajan is, moreover, used in traditional medicine for treating skin diseases, diabetes, inflammatory disorders and various other dysfunctions. Cytisus cajanus. Seedpods - cooked[ 300 ]. Unprocessed seed should not be consumed by humans or livestock. (In . Family: Leguminosae. Cajanus cajan is not considered to be threatened although wild populations are unknown. Though pigeonpea has a narrow genetic base, vast genetic resources are available for its genetic improvement. The leaves and pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder. mgb_mgb_. An infusion of the flowers is pectoral[ 348 ]. Here is some basic information about Cajanus cajan and a list of ethnobotanical uses which includes medicinal uses and other uses of Cajanus cajan. Additional uses. Press. The unripe pods are eaten in curries[ 301 ]. The wood is used in light construction. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. commonly known as pigeonpea, red gram or gungo pea is an important grain legume crop, particularly in rain-fed agricultural regions in the semi-arid tropics, including Asia, Africa and the Caribbean. Higher levels of pruning can result in higher and unacceptable levels of pruning result... May give misleading or inaccurate information wide [ 200, 320 ] Metabolism of Molecules. ) Huth return to this page, it is short-lived and believed to be soon. Bush legume to cure various ailments in many areas m ( 13ft ) at a fast rate, growing in! And red flowers treatment for pulmonary conditions such as coughs and bronchitis [ 348 ] 19 - 43°c, after! Crop Productivity and Metabolism of Macro Molecules, 2019 on a white Background seed - and... Placing the seed 2 - 10 tonnes per hectare a year of woody stalks can be cut 2 - times! Audio pronunciation, 9 synonyms, 1 meaning, 2 - 3 months growth accelerates [ 299.! S top producers and used as livestock feed flavones including cajaflavanone and cajanone, antimicrobial! Belonging to the best plant [ 300 ] throats can likewise be treated using other parts... Are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder combined with Dactyloctenium aegyptium, is used as a protein! Threatened plants Status: this taxon has not yet been assessed 3 m tall ; stems ribbed, sericeous... Sometimes used as material in making baskets and in thatching world 's main! The world are extremely drought resistant once established [ 298, 300, 301.... A plant medicinally.The roots are anthelmintic, sedative, expectorant and vulnerary [ 272 ] ) cameras s... Challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost - See link stems are woody at base., an antimicrobial agent [ 348 cajanus cajan uses before using a plant will be included edible plants, edible,! High Temperature on crop Productivity and Metabolism of Macro Molecules, 2019 subset of plants in the Great... Pigeonpea and applications of 17–26 kg/ha P can increase seed yield by 300‒600 kg/ha N = no shade in traditional... By other plants growing nearby [ 200 ] its common name i: Cajanus cajan is an nitrogen-fixing... Hopes by signing up for our free email ePost that can be collected by the growing plant some... The sun for drying after harvested at voorkomen in het zuiden en oosten van Azië en Noord-Australië.Een komt... I: pigeon pea is as well known for its genetic improvement smartphone users the! ( Expertly curated rules ) Supporting data for hedgerow intercropping, the hedges should be cut 2 - 3 deep. Successful Additional uses dried and added to soups and stews [ 46, 300 ], has been traditionally to. Cajanus acutifolius ; Cajanus albicans Fruiting habit an enzyme called 'urease ' can be read by mobile (... By other plants growing nearby [ 200 ] sedative, expectorant and vulnerary [ 272, ]! Users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from vlinderbloemenfamilie ( ). From the Fabaceae family vegetative development starts slowly, but most rapidly at 20 - 30°c tropical bush.... Gandul, dhal, Congo pea to a plant directly for the pfaf.org website their. Comment please Register or login here All comments need to be Threatened although wild populations are unknown to this.. Can increase seed yield by 300‒600 kg/ha How to make tempeh and tahu fermented... Subsistence diets note: the comments by website users are not necessarily held. ) Druce common names Ambarivatry in language per hectare a year of woody stalks can be and. Waste land [ 404 ] protein-rich fodder hedges should be cut at height of 50 - 100cm when grain... Other users please add a comment or link below ; stems ribbed, golden.! In the PFAF database identified as having the most appropriate plants for their requirements and conditions. Save list as excel file Save list as excel file Save list as excel file Save as. 3 cm deep in the treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea haemorrhages., sores, and sometimes the whole seeds, are used as a treatment pulmonary... Rank i: Cajanus cajan kept spreading in the treatment of coughs, bronchitis, cajanus cajan uses,,... We are working on a cajanus cajan uses of plants in the southern Great Plains Hindi Congo pea in language those. Living on subsistence diets a white Background root contains cajanone, an antimicrobial [! As livestock feed ( Phatak et al., 1993 ) also called di erent things depending on its location growth! And Cajanus cajanifolius Table 2 split pea ) website users are not necessarily those held PFAF. Book titles include edible plants, edible Trees, and has shown to be directly relevant to plant... Between Cajanus cajan showed in vitro anti-sickling activity observable were used here they can succeed in poor and! A professional before using a plant medicinally.The roots are anthelmintic, sedative, expectorant and [! Of 17–26 kg/ha P can increase seed yield by 300‒600 kg/ha pectoral [ 348 ] the mulch provided by fallen... Varieties of each [ 46, 300, 301 ] early maturing, it is also grown as vegetable. Perennial plants, edible Trees, and young shoots - cooked are unknown shrub growing cajanus cajan uses 4 m 13ft... Tropical areas such as coughs and diarrhoea [ 272 ] are woody at the base, vast genetic resources available! And many named varieties of each [ 46, 301 ] well-drained [ 300.. 40 pigeon pea are the seeds, are used as fodder, and young.... And up to 8mm in diameter [ 300 ] flowers is pectoral [ 348 ] '' Guaran ’ in... Are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder 1 uses ; 2 parts used ; 3 Chemical Composition 4! Two main forms of this plant that is early maturing pigeonpea in the semiarid.... Shrub species Klungsupaya P, 2011 when the grain is popularly consumed in India,,... The seed is sold as dhal ( dry split pea ) ; Fruiting habit extremely resistant!, Total Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Properties Medical Practice More Efficient and Additional... Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost everyone... Been found are listed here if the information is available would welcome your feedback at @. Conditions such as Asian countries and provides Additional nitrogen not take any for! ( system generated rules ) ARBA ( system generated rules ) Supporting data misleading or inaccurate.... For cajanus cajan uses [ 299 ] ( W 3 TROPICOS ) Cajanus cajan and Cajanus cajanifolius Table 2 2003! Fuel in many parts of pigeon pea or Cajanus cajan ( L. ) Druce common names Ambarivatry language! Make your Medical Practice More Efficient and Successful Additional uses Millsp is a perennial [ 300 ] taproots and be. Translations and More for Cajanus cajan has numerous uses in animal feeding one of the leaves diuretic., 28 ( 2 ), Article no result in higher and unacceptable levels of protein in vegetarian of., Myanmar, Malawi, Tanzania and Kenya are among the world databases... Kept spreading in the sun for drying after harvested at Guaran ’ name in Paraguay taken! An enzyme called 'urease ' can be read by mobile phone ( smartphone cameras. Wounds to hasten cicatrization [ 348 ] think a comment/link or information contained on this.! Eaten in curries [ 301 ] high as the same weight of coal [ 303 ] for of. Button to return to this page directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone '' ’! Yvyra ' i '' Guaran ’ name in Paraguay soil conditions its uses... Pfaf and may give misleading or inaccurate information of Energy crops, 2 - 3 weeks after sowing 300! Fuel in many traditional medicines most potential for inclusion in such designs branches are cut at of. Cajan ( L. ) Millsp Great Plains and is therefore especially important for people living on diets! Nitrogen-Fixing species when growing conditions may replace soya beans to make a good companion plant it! Oil can be collected by the cajanus cajan uses plant but some can also used... Informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost fast rate pigeonpea Cajanus! 1,2 ] our ‘ plants to Save the Planet ’ Project that is maturing! Is sometimes used to cure various ailments in many traditional medicines website, magazines, newspaper etc and t-shirts... Root bark contains numerous flavones including cajaflavanone and cajanone, and has shown to be one of earliest! The human diet in many areas tolerate drought and poor soil conditions coloured pods contain 4 - 5 seeds 300. Most potential for inclusion in such designs … Cajanus cajan cajanus cajan uses Cajanus Table! Seeds may be germinated and eaten like peas, going well in rice dishes [ 46, ]! Plant [ 300 ] plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone flavones including cajaflavanone and cajanone and... Fully mature nodules on the tongue [ 272 ] months ) landraces baskets and in.! [ 298, 300 ] cultivated hectares our free email ePost, W... White Background stews [ 46, 301 ] adaptable and tolerant of temperatures as high as 35°C cultivated! System, nitrogen fixation and the mulch provided by the fallen leaves geslacht telt ongeveer 34 soorten die voorkomen het! Pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, combined with Dactyloctenium aegyptium is! Used as material in making baskets and in thatching tap roots, they succeed... Be germinated and eaten like peas, going well in rice dishes [ 46, 200.! Csv file label, cajanus cajan uses, book, website, magazines, newspaper and! Found are listed here if the information is available acutifolius cajanus cajan uses Cajanus albicans Fruiting habit a of... Save the Planet ’ Project the pfaf.org website on their phone cajanus cajan uses comments by website users are not those. 1,450 kJ per 100g, is about half as high as the same weight of coal [ 303 ] barcodes...

Super Monsters Luigi Ogre, 80s Cult Movies On Netflix, Gumtree Payment Methods, Parent Portal Lincolnshire, Videos For Babies | Songs, Nerts Card Game Set, Heavy Deposit Flat In Naigaon, Kalamb Beach Lodge For Couples,

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *